Drawing One Part Four Figures Project Form Essential shapes and Essential elements researching artists

essential shapes according to the OCA handbook is: form as basic shapes, triangles, circles etc.  the central axis and twists and turns, planes receding and planes parallel to the paper edge  —a measured unit to help with proportions—-foreshortening—lines of movement

essential elements according to OCA handbook is: lighting to produce form

Looking at Auguste Rodin (1840-1917)

A prolific draughstman most famous as a sculptor quoted that his drawings were the key to his work (quote sourced on line from: http://www.musee-rodin.fr/en/collections/drawings

A Reclining Female Nude, Arms Folded over Her Head, ca. 1910
Graphite on thin smooth white wove paper
30.3 x 19.9 cm
Bequeathed by Mrs. H.H. Turner, 1959
WA 1959.4.6

sourced on line (Oct 2013) from http://www.arthistory.upenn.edu/ashmolean/Rodin/Rodin_entry.html

Finely drawn line in what appears to be quite rapid movement capturing a pose which looks almost like jumping as there is no background as reference. The body is drawn at a three quarter view, the legs crossed the shoulders twisted into a lateral view and the head hidden under the lifted arms.

“Rodin adopted an encyclopedic approach to the human body, building up as complete as possible an anatomical catalogue. He wanted to study and set down on paper everything the human frame would allow, in a single line or sometimes several, lightly tinted with watercolour or highlighted in deeper blood-red or purple tones. Some of the time this meant tense, detailed representation, at others the approach was more elliptic with just a few curves or an outline, often in pencil.” quote sourced on line from:  http://www.theguardian.com/artanddesign/2012/feb/14/rodin-300-drawings-exhibition-review

The Age of Gold, ca. 1878?
Auguste Rodin (French, 1840–1917)
Black chalk and traces of white chalk on gray paper    sourced on line (October 2013 from: http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/63.92.3

Areas of shadow are here overdrawn with fine lines, the two adults turn towards each other and the fabrics of their clothes flow taking the eye around the figures and to the cherub in the left corner.Leaves add to the feeling of decoration .

Auguste Rodin (French, 1840–1917)  Nude Study

sourced on line (October 2013) from  http://www.moma.org/collection/browse_results.php?criteria=O%3AAD%3AE%3A4978&page_number=7&template_id=1&sort_order=1

Hints of line in what as described as ink,  patches of white indicate the light but fall on irregular areas of this slightly twisted (in the trunk area) body as the right arm droops over the top of the head which tilts its gaze towards us..

Auguste Rodin (French, 1840–1917)    Stretching Figure  Date:  (c. 1900-1906)

Medium:   Watercolor and pencil on paper     sourced on line (October 2013 ) from: http://www.moma.org/collection/browse_results.php?criteria=O%3AAD%3AE%3A4978&page_number=22&template_id=1&sort_order=1
Another image of a twisted body with a hyperextended back, a twist in the trunk, an arm over the head and the head thrown back and twisted strongly to the right.

The Kiss

RODIN, Auguste (1840 – 1917)    sourced on line (October 2013 ) from:http://www.museumwales.ac.uk/en/art/online/?action=show_item&item=1608

Rodin’s famous sculpture “The Kiss” demonstrates the curving of two bodies around each other, the twisting of the heads towards each other and the arms producing a garland enclosing the heads as they kiss.

Balthasar Balthus  is mentioned in the OCA handbook and is not an artist I have ever encountered before.


He was French, of Polish decent whose father was an artist and was friendly with Bonnard and Derain.He taught himself painting by copying the work in the Louvre and Italy. He was noted for his figure compositions, particularly the dreams of young girls. He worked as a stage designer.

( sourced from brief biography Oct 2013 from :http://www.tate.org.uk/art/artists/balthus-balthasar-klossowski-de-rola-689)

Title  Nude on a Chaise Longue  Nu sur une chaise longue Date 1950
Medium Oil paint on canvas  Dimensionssupport: 723 x 918 x 19 mm
Collection Tate
Acquisition Bequeathed by Simon Sainsbury 2006, accessioned 2008
I picked this painting as it continues the theme of painting the body in unusual positions twisted from the upright with different angles of thorax, legs, head and arms.
and a similar angle in drawing:     Balthus Femme couchée 1950
Matisse (1869- 1954)
I love the free flowing drawings of Matisse as he captures poses in minimal line
.la torsem et  native nue..                                                                                          Study of A Model Hermitage, Saint
etching from Mallarme 1932                                                                                                        Petersburg 1934
Nude from the Back                                                                 Acrobat  brush and ink on paper 105 x 74.5 cm. Private Collection
brush and ink on paper                                                                  1952
52 x 40 cm.
Private Collection
These four images were sourced on line (October 2013 ) from:  http://www.henri-matisse.net/drawings.html
The images focus on specific areas or poses, they are not trying to be realistic but to use the form and twist of the body playfully and creatively to produce an image in themselves. The images are drawn with one line only, determined and sure but not true to life.